Download PDF by Gino Krüger: Fairness als zentraler Begriff in der Gerechtigkeitstheorie

By Gino Krüger

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, be aware: 1,7, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (Institut für Politische Wissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Positionen der Modernen Politischen Philosophie, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: was once ist Gerechtigkeit und warum schätzen wir sie so sehr? Jeder der sich bereits diese Frage gestellt hat wird wissen, dass die Antworten mannigfaltig sind. Aus der Perspektive der Philosophie wird Gerechtigkeit als ein normatives Konzept angesehen, das einen integralen Bestandteil des gemeinschaftlichen Zusammenlebens unter vernunftbegabten Individuen ausmacht. Soweit besteht zumindest schemenhaft ein Konsens in der Disziplin, doch schon bei der Frage – warum wir jenes intestine schätzen? – divergieren die Meinungen extrem.

Die einen erachten Gerechtigkeit als ein intrinsisches intestine an, als ein intestine das um seiner Selbstwillen anzustreben ist. Andere sehen in der Gerechtigkeit einen immanenten Bestandteil des Guten an sich und wiederum andere betrachten sie nur als instrumentell für andere Güter. Doch warum auch immer wir Gerechtigkeit schätzen, es scheint der Fall zu sein, dass wir sie schätzen und zumindest intuitiv eine Vorstellung davon haben was once gerecht ist und used to be nicht. Eine Erklärung für dieses Phänomen ist möglicherweise die lange culture, in welcher Gerechtigkeitstheorien stehen, so fand guy bspw. schon in den Überresten des prähistorischen Ägyptens theoretische Auseinandersetzungen mit der Idee der Gerechtigkeit.

Was aber noch weitaus erstaunlicher ist als die kontinuierliche Präsens dieses Gutes in der Historie der Menschheit, ist die Feststellung, dass sich die grundlegende Idee, nämlich das Gerechtigkeit darin bestünde „jedem das seine zukommen zu lassen (suum cuique)“, bis in die Gegenwart erhalten geblieben ist. was once sich im Laufe der Geschichte verändert hat sind die Vorstellungen davon warum guy jedem das seine zukommen lassen sollte und used to be dieses seine ist. An diese Entwicklung wird die vorliegenden Ausarbeitung anknüpfen, indem sie eine einflussreiche Theorie der Gerechtigkeit, des 20. Jahrhunderts, rekonstruiert und erörtert. Die Gerechtigkeitstheorie, welche es zu untersuchen gilt, ist John Rawls' (1921-2002) „Gerechtigkeit als Fairness“. Es ist anzumerken, dass Rawls ein Vertreter des angelsächsischen Liberalismus ist, weshalb seine Theorie auf grundlegenden Prämissen der liberalen Weltsicht aufbaut.

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Get E Pluribus ONE: Reclaiming Our Founders' Vision for a United PDF

By Sophia A. Nelson

OUR FOUNDERS understood that the United States was once the best test in the world. and so they sealed it with those phrases: E pluribus Unum: "Out of Many we're One."

"America is the tale people. And us is not doing so nice correct now." Says award profitable journalist and writer Sophia A. Nelson. approaching the heels of the raucous and divisive 2016 normal election crusade, Nelson makes an attempt to provide the kingdom an inspirational cost and raise via supporting us to reclaim our founders' imaginative and prescient for a united and robust the USA. Nelson reminds us that "we the folk" are charged via our founders' to cherish existence, liberty, freedom and equality, in addition to to protect the country from intrusive governance. The founders' additionally charged our leaders to be ethical, virtuous, patriotic servants of the folks.

during this groundbreaking ebook, Nelson demanding situations us to dwell out the decision of our founding:

we're ONE America.

we're ONE People.

we're ONE kingdom indivisible with liberty and justice for all.

Pulling from our founding fathers' middle ideas of liberty, citizenship, morals, virtues, civic engagement, equality, self-governance, and, while required, civil disobedience, Nelson calls us to the next commonplace. She calls us to function. and she or he calls us to rediscover the issues that unite us, now not divide us.

One is a e-book that each one american citizens, despite political social gathering, race, faith, or gender can embody and proportion with their youngsters and grandchildren for generations. it's a reminder easily of what makes the USA nice and what makes us the envy of the realm. Alexis de Tocqueville acknowledged it top: "America is superb simply because the United States is nice. If the US ever ceases to be stable, it's going to stop to be great." Nelson takes us on a ancient, but very inspirational trip of not only our founding values, however the women and men who walked them out and taken the USA to be the nice mild it really is on the planet over the last 240 years.

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Download PDF by Howard Rosenthal: Ideology and Congress: A Political Economic History of Roll

By Howard Rosenthal

In Ideology and Congress, authors Poole and Rosenthal have analyzed over thirteen million person roll name votes spanning the 2 centuries due to the fact that Congress started recording votes in 1789. through tracing the balloting styles of Congress during the country's background, the authors locate that, regardless of a big selection of concerns dealing with legislators, over eighty one percentage in their balloting judgements should be attributed to a constant ideological place starting from ultraconservatism to ultraliberalism. of their vintage 1997 quantity, Congress: A Political fiscal background of Roll name balloting, roll name vote casting grew to become the framework for a unique interpretation of vital episodes in American political and fiscal heritage. Congress confirmed that roll name vote casting has a very easy constitution and that, for many of yankee historical past, roll name vote casting styles have maintained a middle balance in keeping with nice matters: the level of presidency rules of, and intervention in, the economic climate; and race. during this new, paperback quantity, the authors contain nineteen years of extra info, bringing within the interval from 1986 via 2004.

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José María Maravall,Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca's Controlling Governments: Voters, Institutions, and PDF

By José María Maravall,Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

How a lot impression do electorate need to keep watch over the govt.? What publications electorate at election time? Why do governments continue to exist? How do associations alter the ability of the folk over politicians? The e-book combines educational analytical rigor with comparative research to spot how a lot details citizens should have to choose a political candidate for workplace, or for containing a central authority dependable; even if events in strength might help electorate to manage their governments; how varied institutional preparations effect electorate' regulate; why politicians opt for specific electoral platforms; and what monetary and social stipulations may well undermine not just governments, yet democracy. Arguments are subsidized through colossal macro and micro empirical facts. There are cross-country comparisons and survey analyses of many nations. In each case there was an try to combine analytical arguments and empirical study. The objective is to shed new gentle on puzzling questions of optimistic democratic theory.

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Download PDF by Christian Werwath: Der niedersächsische Ministerpräsident Ernst Albrecht

By Christian Werwath

Wie hat Ernst Albrecht, fünfter niedersächsischer Ministerpräsident, politisch geführt? Viele Zeitgenossen hatten darauf eine schnelle Antwort zur Hand, und ihr Urteil fiel recht einhellig aus: unbeweglich, überzeugend, höflich, distanziert, dominant. Diese Feststellung zu seinem Führungsstil ist faszinierend: Immerhin führte Albrecht 14 Jahre lang die Regierungsgeschäfte (1976-1990) eines von politischen Kämpfen und Unruhen gezeichneten Flächenlandes – darunter der andauernde Streit um das Atommüllendlager in Gorleben, die Auseinandersetzungen um einen neuen NDR-Staatsvertrag und der Kampf um die Kanzlerkandidatur zwischen Ernst Albrecht und Franz Josef Strauß. Auf den ersten Blick erscheinen vor diesem Hintergrund Integration und Kooperation als die geeigneteren Führungselemente. Wie passt das zusammen? Wie funktionierten Machterwerb und Machterhalt in der Ära Albrecht? Mit diesen Fragen setzt sich Christian Werwath in seinem neuen Buch auseinander.

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New PDF release: Legitimität in modernen Demokratien: Eine vergleichende

By Ines Kruspel

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, observe: 1,3, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), Veranstaltung: Moderne politische Theorien des 20. Jahrhunderts, 21 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: In der Zeit nachmetaphysischen Denkens stellt die Frage nach der Legitimität politischer Ordnungen, Herrschaftsträger und Entscheidungen moderner Massendemokratien eine große Herausforderung für (politische) Theoretiker dar – eine Herausforderung, der sich auch die Autoren Jürgen Habermas und Charles Taylor als Autoren zweier unterschiedlicher, gegensätzlicher Theorierichtungen – dem prozeduralistischen Liberalismus und dem Kommunitarismus – stellten. Sie entwickeln je ein Modell der Demokratie und stellen sich dabei auch die Frage der Legitimität. Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht diese normativen Demokratietheorien Taylors’ und Habermas’ vor allem im Hinblick auf die Legitimität in vergleichender artwork. Es geht dabei vor allem darum, zu prüfen, ob die scheinbar kontroversen Ansichten nicht doch Gemeinsamkeiten aufweisen und vielleicht miteinander vereinbar sind. Die genauere Untersuchung der Theorien ergibt dann letztlich als Ergebnis der Ausarbeitung auch entscheidende Gemeinsamkeiten in den jeweiligen Begründungen der Legitimität, so dass sich die so gegensätzlich scheinenden Modelle als durchaus miteinander vereinbar erweisen.

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Download e-book for kindle: Theorizing Revolutions by John Foran

By John Foran

In Theorizing Revolutions, the most interesting thinkers within the research of revolutions this day glance seriously on the many theoretical frameworks during which revolutions might be understood and follow them to express innovative cases.
The theoretical techniques thought of during this approach comprise state-centred views, structural idea, world-system research, elite types, demographic theories and feminism and the revolutions coated diversity in time from the French Revolution to jap Europe in 1989 and in position from Russia to Vietnam and Nicaragua.

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Coming to Terms with Democracy: Federalist Intellectuals and - download pdf or read online

By Marshall Foletta

William Tudor, Willard Phillips, and Richard Henry Dana weren't their fathers'
Federalists. whilst those younger New England intellectuals and their contemporaries tried to
carve out a spot for themselves within the speedily altering and more and more unfriendly tradition of
the early 19th century, the major to their efforts was once the founding, in 1815, of the North
American Review.

Raised as Federalists, and inspired to think that they
had targeted obligations as "the clever and the good," they got here of age inside of a cultural and
political weather that now not deferred to males in their schooling and historical past. yet unlike
their fathers, who retreated in disgust sooner than the rising forces of democracy, those young
Federalist intellectuals attempted to conform their mom and dad' ideology to the hot political and social
realities and look after for themselves a spot because the first public intellectuals in
America.

In Coming to phrases with Democracy, Marshall
Foletta contends that via calling for a brand new American literature of their magazine, the
second-generation Federalists helped American readers cut loose from imported neo-classical
criteria, therefore paving the best way for the yankee Renaissance. regardless of their failure to
reconstitute within the cultural sphere their fathers' misplaced political prominence, Foletta concludes
that the unique participants to the North American overview have been drastically influential either in
the production of the position of the yankee public highbrow, and within the improvement of a vision
for the yank college that the majority historians position in a far later interval. they've got earned
a popular position within the heritage of yank literature, magazines and journals, legislations and legal
schooling, institutional reform, and the cultural heritage of latest England.

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Download PDF by Rainer Bucher: Hitler's Theology: A Study in Political Religion (Continuum

By Rainer Bucher

Hitler’s Theology investigates using theological motifs in Adolf Hitler’s public speeches and writings, and gives a solution to the query of why Hitler and his theo-political ideology have been so appealing and profitable providing a substitute for the discontents of modernity. The ebook provides a scientific reconstruction of Hitler’s use of theological strategies like windfall, trust or the almighty God.

Rainer Bucher argues that Hitler’s (ab)use of theological rules is without doubt one of the major explanation why and the way Hitler received rather a lot acquiescence and help for his diabolic firm. This attention-grabbing research concludes by way of contextualizing Hitler’s theology when it comes to a much wider conception of modernity and particularly via reading the church buildings’ fight with modernity. ultimately, the writer evaluates using theology from a pragmatic theological standpoint.

This publication can be of curiosity to scholars of non secular reports, Theology, Holocaust experiences, Jewish reports, faith and Politics, and German historical past.

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New PDF release: Considerations on Green Political Thought - A new,

By Florian Heyden

Bachelor Thesis from the yr 2005 within the topic Politics - Political concept and the background of rules magazine, grade: First (80% - very good), Aston collage, 38 entries within the bibliography, language: English, summary: the belief of a eco-friendly political ideology is a relative newcomer to political thought. even if eco-friendly writings have constructed speedily because the early Seventies, the difficulty of eco-friendly ideology has remained regularly a lot ignored. It was once no longer until eventually the mid-1990s that the query of eco-friendly ideology emerged absolutely into theoretical discourse, a few students nonetheless contest the lifestyles of a separate and self sustaining eco-friendly political ideology.
But is eco-friendly proposal relatively an ideology? Is it now not really an accumulation of varied varied, frequently contradictory components of suggestion amassed from a variety of different ideologies?
The query as a way to be thought of during this essay is in how a ways the declare of a separate eco-friendly ideology is admittedly justified and what the time period “Green” stands for, if it issues only questions of ecology or is going past this slender definition. with a view to do that, this research will commence through supplying the reader with a couple of basic issues relating ideology, together with structural and functional formations. This half will such a lot essentially try and resolution the query “what is ideology”. those reflections should be partially via a huge define of eco-friendly proposal within which a few basic assumptions might be mentioned, as a way to be elevated on partly 3. A end could be drawn on a couple of contextual and normative issues, caused by those assumptions and extra distinctive elements should be mentioned to explain that during truth eco-friendly political proposal can be noticeable as a unique ideology in its personal correct, addressing a variety of social matters having permeated into higher political discourse.

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