Download PDF by Michela Cigola: Distinguished Figures in Descriptive Geometry and Its

By Michela Cigola

This publication includes chapters that attention particularly on unmarried figures that labored on Descriptive Geometry and likewise in Mechanisms Sciences and comprise biographical notes, a survey in their paintings and their achievements, including a latest interpretation in their legacy.

Since Vitruvius in precedent days, and with Brunelleschi within the Renaissance, the 2 disciplines started to proportion a standard path which, over the centuries, took form via much less famous figures until eventually the newer occasions within which Gaspard Monge worked.

Over the years, a spot has been created among Descriptive Geometry and Mechanism technological know-how, which now seem to belong to varied worlds. actually, besides the fact that, there's a very shut dating among the 2 disciplines, with a hyperlink in line with tremendous strong foundations. with out the theoretical foundations of Geometry it's going to now not be attainable to attract and layout mechanical elements resembling gears, whereas in Kinematics it'd be much less effortless to layout and are expecting the reciprocal events of components in a posh mechanical assembly.

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Health Care in America - download pdf or read online

By John C. Burnham

In Health Care in the USA, historian John C. Burnham describes alterations over 4 centuries of drugs and public wellbeing and fitness in the US. starting with seventeenth-century matters over own and local health problems, Burnham concludes with the arriving of a brand new epoch in American drugs and overall healthiness care on the flip of the twenty-first century.

From the 1600s throughout the Nineteen Nineties, americans became to various healers, practices, and associations of their efforts to avoid and live on epidemics of smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, influenza, polio, and AIDS. healthiness care employees in all sessions attended births and deaths and cared for those who had accidents, disabilities, and persistent diseases.

Drawing on basic assets, vintage scholarship, and an unlimited physique of modern literature within the historical past of medication and public well-being, Burnham unearths that conventional therapeutic, care, and drugs ruled the U.S. until eventually the past due 19th century, whilst antiseptic/aseptic surgical procedure and germ conception initiated an highbrow, social, and technical transformation. He divides the age of recent drugs into a number of eras: physiological medication (1910s–1930s), antibiotics (1930s–1950s), know-how (1950s–1960s), environmental drugs (1970s–1980s), and, starting round 1990, genetic drugs. The cumulating advancements in each one period resulted in today’s substantially altered doctor-patient dating and the insistent questions that swirl round the monetary expense of overall healthiness care.

Burnham’s sweeping narrative is sensible of scientific perform, clinical examine, and human frailties and foibles, starting the door to a brand new figuring out of our present concerns.

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Download e-book for iPad: The Story of Science: Aristotle Leads the Way: Aristotle by Joy Hakim

By Joy Hakim

Readers will shuttle again in time to historical Babylonia, Egypt, and Greece. they're going to meet the world's first astronomers, mathematicians, and physicists and discover the lives and concepts of such well-known humans as Pythagoras, Archimedes, Brahmagupta, al-Khwarizmi, Fibonacci, Ptolemy, St. Augustine, and St. Thomas Aquinas. Hakim will introduce them to Aristotle—one of the best philosophers of all time—whose medical rules ruled a lot of the area for eighteen centuries.

In the three-book The tale of Science sequence, grasp storyteller pleasure Hakim narrates the evolution of medical inspiration from precedent days to the current. With energetic, character-driven narrative, Hakim spotlights the achievements of a few of the world's maximum scientists and encourages a similiar spirit of inquiry in readers. The books contain 1000's of colour images, charts, maps, and diagrams; informative sidebars; feedback for extra interpreting; and excerpts from the writings of significant scientists.

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The Modern Period: Menstruation in Twentieth-Century America by Lara Freidenfelds PDF

By Lara Freidenfelds

The sleek Period examines how and why american citizens followed extensively new tools of dealing with and pondering menstruation throughout the 20th century.

In the early 20th century girls usually used selfmade fabric "diapers" to take in menstrual blood, refrained from chills in the course of their classes to guard their health and wellbeing, and counted themselves fortunate in the event that they knew whatever approximately menstruation sooner than menarche. New expectancies in class, at play, and within the place of work, despite the fact that, made those menstrual traditions tricky, and middle-class ladies fast sought new details and items that will make their per 30 days sessions much less disruptive to daily life.

Lara Freidenfelds strains this cultural shift, displaying how american citizens reframed their brooding about menstruation. She explains how men and women collaborated with intercourse educators, menstrual product brands, advertisers, actual schooling academics, and medical professionals to create a latest realizing of menstruation. Excerpts from seventy-five interviews―accounts through turns humorous and moving―help readers to spot with the studies of the normal those that engineered those alterations.

The sleek Period ties ancient adjustments in menstrual practices to a much wider argument approximately American renowned modernity within the 20th century. Freidenfelds explores what it intended to be smooth and center classification and the way these beliefs have been mirrored within the menstrual practices and ideology of the time.

This obtainable examine sheds new gentle at the historical past of well known modernity, the increase of the center category, and the connection of those phenomena to how americans have cared for and controlled their bodies.

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Takashi Nishiyama's Engineering War and Peace in Modern Japan, 1868–1964 (Johns PDF

By Takashi Nishiyama

Naval, aeronautic, and mechanical engineers performed a strong half within the army buildup of Japan within the early and mid-twentieth century. They belonged to a militaristic regime and embraced the significance in their function in it. Takashi Nishiyama examines the effect of conflict and peace on technological transformation throughout the 20th century. he's the 1st to check the paradoxical and transformative energy of Japan’s defeat in international warfare II during the lens of engineering.

Nishiyama asks: How did specialists decide on and get ready younger males to be engineers? How did Japan boost curricula enough to the duty (and from whom did the rustic borrow)? below what stipulations? What did the engineers reflect on the planes they outfitted to aid Kamikaze suicide missions? yet his examine finally issues the impressive transition those educated engineers made after overall defeat in 1945. How may perhaps the engineers of battle machines so fast flip to peaceable building initiatives akin to designing the apparatus essential to manufacture buyer items? most crucial, they built new high-speed rail prone, together with the Shinkansen Bullet teach. What does this modification let us know not just approximately Japan at battle after which in peacetime but additionally concerning the malleability of engineering cultures?

Nishiyama goals to counterbalance established Eurocentric/Americentric perspectives within the historical past of expertise. Engineering warfare and Peace in smooth Japan, 1868–1964 units the historic adventure of 1 country’s technological transformation in a bigger overseas framework through learning resources in six assorted languages: chinese language, English, French, German, eastern, and Spanish. the result's a desirable learn for these drawn to expertise, East Asia, and foreign experiences. Nishiyama's paintings deals classes to policymakers drawn to how a rustic can get better effectively after defeat.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Sociable Sciences: Darwin and His Contemporaries in by P. Schell

By P. Schell

This fantastically written heritage strains the fortunes of Charles Darwin and his contemporaries in Chile. It explains how they confirmed Chileans a brand new technique to see their very own average setting, educating a more youthful iteration of scientists there and forging overseas networks that helped to form the fashionable world.

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Read e-book online Amazonian Tortoise Myths PDF

By Charles Frederick Hartt

Amazonian Tortoise Myths
Charles Frederick Hartt, Canadian-born geologist, paleontologist and naturalist (1840-1878)

This booklet provides «Amazonian Tortoise Myths», from Charles Frederick Hartt. A dynamic desk of contents permits to leap on to the bankruptcy selected.

Table of Contents
- approximately This Book
- Dedication
- Amazonian Tortoise Myths
- How The Tortoise Out-ran The Deer
- The Jabuti That Cheated The Man
- How A Tortoise Killed Jaguars
- How The Tortoise Provoked a competition Of power among The Tapir And The Whale
- How A Tortoise Killed A Jaguar And Made A Whistle of 1 Of His Bones
- The Jabuti Avenges Himself at the Tapir
- The Tortoise Kills The Opossum by means of Inducing Him To Bury Himself
- The Tortoise Sends The Jaguar On A Fool's Errand
- Notes

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Download e-book for iPad: Expanding Humanitys Vision Of God: New Thoughts on Science by Robert Herrmann

By Robert Herrmann

How has our figuring out of our international and our position within the universe replaced in fresh a long time throughout the momentous discoveries of technological know-how? Do fresh advancements within the philosophy of technological know-how, which position barriers on medical understanding, supply a extra point taking part in box? This number of essays and sermons, that have no longer been on hand prior to, handle those thought-provoking questions.

The John Templeton starting place backed an essay and sermon contest to show an extended imaginative and prescient of God, person who is proficient by way of fresh discoveries of technology at the nature of the universe and where we have now on the earth. those choices are the winners of that competition.

The ebook is split into 3 sections: “Contemporary technology elevating Theological Questions,” “New Visions of Theology,” and “Historical and Philosophical views at the Science-Religion Dialogue.” The essays disguise such components as physics, theology, cosmology, origins, and synthetic intelligence.

“There is differently to conceive our existence jointly. there's differently to conceive of our lifestyles in God, however it calls for a unique worldview—not a clockwork universe within which participants functionality as discrete springs and gears, yet one who appears extra like a luminous net, within which the complete is way greater than the elements. during this universe, there isn't any such factor as someone except his or her relationships. each interaction—between humans and folks, among humans and issues, among issues and things—changes the face of historical past. lifestyles on the earth can't be decreased to 4 sure-fire ideas. it really is an ever-unfolding secret that defies designated prediction. in the meantime, during this universe, there's no such factor as 'parts‚' the full is the basic unit of reality.” —Barbara Brown Taylor, “Physics and Faith,”

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The Global History of Paleopathology: Pioneers and Prospects by Jane Buikstra,Charlotte Roberts PDF

By Jane Buikstra,Charlotte Roberts

the worldwide background of Paleopathology is the 1st finished international compendium at the historical past of paleopathology, an interdisciplinary medical self-discipline that specializes in the research of old illness. delivering views from areas that experience commonly had lengthy histories of paleopathology, resembling the USA and components of Europe, this quantity additionally provides very important paintings via a global roster of students who're writing their very own local and cultural histories within the box. The e-book identifies significant thinkers and figures who've contributed to paleopathology, in addition to major corporations and classes that experience subsidized clinical examine and verbal exchange, such a lot particularly the Paleopathology organization. the amount concludes with a watch in the direction of the way forward for the self-discipline, discussing tools and examine on the innovative of paleopathology, quite those who hire the research of old DNA and isotopes.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary by Michael Ruse

By Michael Ruse

This quantity is a accomplished reference paintings at the lifestyles, labors and impact of the good evolutionist Charles Darwin. With greater than sixty essays written via a global crew representing the major students within the box, this can be the definitive paintings on Darwin. It covers the history to Darwin's discovery of the idea of evolution via ordinary choice, the paintings he produced and his contemporaries' reactions to it, and evaluates his impression on technology within the a hundred and fifty years because the book of at the starting place of Species. It additionally explores the results of Darwin's discoveries in faith, politics, gender, literature, tradition, philosophy and medication, severely comparing Darwin's legacy. totally illustrated and obviously written, it's compatible for students and scholars in addition to the overall reader. The wealth of knowledge it presents in regards to the historical past of evolutionary suggestion makes it a vital source for realizing the controversies that encompass evolution today.

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